Humanity needs leadership and solidarity to defeat COVID-19
The coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic is the defining global health crisis of our time and the greatest challenge we have faced since World War Two. Since its emergence in Asia late last year, the virus has spread to every continent except Antarctica.
But the pandemic is much more than a health crisis, it's also an unprecedent socio-economic crisis. Stressing every one of the countries it touches, it has the potential to create devastating social, economic and political effects that will leave deep and longstanding scars. UNDP is the technical lead in the UN’s socio-economic recovery, alongside the health response, led by WHO, and the Global Humanitarian Response Plan, and working under the leadership of the UN Resident Coordinators.
Every day, people are losing jobs and income, with no way of knowing when normality will return. Small island nations, heavily dependent on tourism, have empty hotels and deserted beaches. The International Labour Organization estimates that 195 million jobs could be lost. The World Bank projects a US$110 billion decline in remittances this year, which could mean 800 million people will not be able to meet their basic needs.
Every country needs to act immediately to prepare, respond, and recover. United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres has launched a US$2 billion global humanitarian response plan in the most vulnerable. Developing countries could lose at least US$220 billion in income, and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development has called for US$2.5 trillion to support them.
Drawing on our experience with other outbreaks such as Ebola, HIV, SARS, TB and malaria, as well as our long history of working with the private and public sector, UNDP will help countries to urgently and effectively respond to COVID-19 as part of its mission to eradicate poverty, reduce inequalities and build resilience to crises and shocks.
The next phase of UNDP’s COVID-19 crisis response is designed to help decision-makers look beyond recovery, towards 2030, making choices and managing complexity and uncertainty in four main areas: governance, social protection, green economy, and digital disruption. It encompasses our role in technically leading the UN’s socio-economic response.
“We are already hard at work, together with our UN family and other partners, on three immediate priorities:
supporting the health response including the procurement and supply of
essential health products, under WHO’s leadership, strengthening crisis
management and response, and addressing critical social and economic
impacts.” UNDP Administrator, Achim Steiner
NIGERIA ONE UN COVID-19 RESPONSE
As the spread of the coronavirus intensifies, Nigeria is already dealing with enormous social and economic impacts exacerbating existing inequalities and creating new inequalities, which are hitting the most vulnerable people the hardest. In a country that is overwhelmingly tied to the informal sector, the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting livelihood and spending patterns, which in turn could have a negative impact on the economy and wellbeing of the people.
It requires a whole society approach to limit the spread of coronavirus and to cushion the potentially devastating impact it may have on people and the economy. Therefore, enhancing trust and cooperation, within and among communities and, between people and the Government is critical for a sustained fight against the pandemic.
Operationalisation of the Nigeria One UN COVID-19 response
Recognising that collaborative efforts are urgently required to respond to the multifaceted nature of the COVID-19 pandemic and its unprecedented implications on the socio-economic conditions already challenged by the complex development context, a unified United Nations strategy to amplify the Nigeria Government’s response was initiated in March 2020. The overall management of the One UN COVID-19 Response Basket Fund is led and coordinated by the Project Board with representation from the Presidential Task Force; Federal Ministry of Health, Nigerian Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), relevant Government departments, fund contributing donors and the UN. The Project Board oversees the UN COVID-19 Response Basket Fund supported by a Technical Committee established to review project implementation tools.
The Nigeria One UN COVID-19 response reflects the United Nations in Nigeria’s support to an inclusive and nationally owned COVID-19 response through a shared vision and a common strategy. Its purpose is to coordinate and align UN’s efforts and leverage partnerships with the government, development partners, foundations, CSOs and the private sector to increase the availability, accessibility, affordability, adaptability and acceptability of COVID-19 response interventions in Nigeria.
Supporting National COVID-19 Multi-Sectoral Response Plan
The government of Nigeria developed its national COVID-19 response plan around 10 key pillars, including coordination. The UN COVID-19 response supports these 10 key pillars identified in the government plan particularly on efforts aimed at scaling up surveillance, testing, isolation, contact tracing, personal protection equipment for medical staff, disinfectants for medical facilities, risk communication, community engagement and clinical management of the critically unwell COVID-19 patients.
The One UN COVID-19 Basket Fund aims to further strengthen Nigeria’s response and the management of the crisis, through socio-economic analytics, and proactive early recovery and social protection interventions, targeting the poorest and most vulnerable groups.
COORDINATION OF PARTNERSHIPS AND MOBILISATION OF RESOURCES FOR A UNIFIED RAPID AND EFFECTIVE RESPONSE
To enhance coordination of partnerships for effective resource mobilisation, accountability and collaborative response to the COVID-19 pandemic, UNDP continues to support the Presidential Task Force (PTF) to compile reports on UN agency specific contributions towards the COVID-19 response in Nigeria. UNDP as a member of the PTF committee on resource mobilisation and coordination, developed a public-facing resource tracking dashboard as a transparency and accountability tool to enhance awareness and understanding of ongoing efforts to mobilise resources. To further ensure accountability UNDP initiated the procurement process of Price Water House Coopers (PwC) – to provide the PTF with financial management and reporting services including regular auditing of the support being directed towards the response.
As of June 2020, the One UN COVID-19 response Basket Fund, managed by UNDP had mobilised US$62,725,635.
Below is a breakdown of the contributions.
CONTRIBUTING DEVELOPMENT AND
PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERS
AMOUNT IN US$
Aliko Dangote Foundation
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation*
Government of Switzerland
CONTRIBUTING UN AGENCIES
TOTAL (AS OF JUNE 2020)
*Funds yet to be received
EU and UN hand over vital medical supplies to help fight against COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria
ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES FOR COVID-19 RESPONSE INTERVENTIONS IN NIGERIA
As of June 2020, the Project Board had allocated US$ 42,767,450.16 for response interventions to be undertaken by Participating UN Organizations (PUNOs) covering the following areas: Risk Communication and Community Engagement (RCCE); Strengthening State level Operational Capacity in Surveillance, Infection Prevention, and Control; Building Capacity of Healthcare Workers in Case Management and strengthening hospital capacities to respond; and, engagement with Civil Society Organisations to reverse the negative impact of COVID-19 on equal access to essential health services.
AREA OF INTERVENTION
Participating UN Organizations (PUNOs)
AMOUNT ALLOCATED IN US$
Risk Communication and Community Engagement (RCCE) under the UN Support to the National COVID-19 Multi-Sectoral Pandemic
UNAIDS, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNWOMEN, WHO
Strengthening State level Operational Capacity in Surveillance, Infection Prevention and Control, and Community Engagement for effective response to COVID-19 in Nigeria
WHO, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNICEF
Building Capacity of Healthcare Workers in Case Management and Establishing ICU Strength in Nigeria
Engaging Civil Society Organizations to reverse the negative impact of
COVID-19 on equal access to essential health services